Boon Khao Jee Photo Essay

These photos are from the Boon Khao Jee (บุญข้าวจี่) ceremony in Ban Hua Na, Amphoe Nong Ruea, Khon Kaen province on February 7-8, 2020. Thanks to Pra Kru Sathaphon Thammasan, Mae Turian, and Khun Pam for helping me out. For more information, there’s an explanation of Boon Khao Jee and an overview of heet sip-song, the twelve Isan merit-making traditions.

temple sala seen from far side of a pond


The day before Boon Khao Jee was a mostly normal one at the village temple, Wat Jan. The only significant preparation for Boon Khao Jee was women making bai sii. It’s a slow process, so the women got started about 7.45am, even before the monks came to the sala for breakfast. They finished folding all ten bai sii just after noon.

women making bai sii
women making bai sii
closeup of woman making bai sii
closeup of woman making bai sii
closeup of woman stapling banana leaf to make bai sii
woman putting flower on top of a bai sii
woman making bai sii
bai sii and flowers

At home, some people made khao tom mat (sticky rice and some second ingredient, such as soybean or banana, steamed in a banana leaf) to give to the monks the next day.

women making khao tom mat
women making khao tom mat
closeup of woman making khao tom mat
closeup of woman making khao tom mat

Boon Kum Khao Yai

“The Big Rice Heap Merit-Making Ritual,” also called Boon Khun Lan, is often celebrated as a large, important stand-alone festival to honor the spirits who helped the rice harvest. But other places, including this region, it’s a smaller, low-key affair combined with Boon Khao Jee.

During the day people brought bags of rice to the temple, which were poured onto the pile. It was a small rice heap this year because many locals lost their crops in last year’s drought; these people brought money instead.

woman bringing rice to the temple in a push cart
woman bringing rice to the temple on back of a motorcycle
man pouring rice from a bag onto the big pile

In the late afternoon people put bai sii and candles on the pile and ran sai sin sacred thread from it to the Buddhas and the monk platform inside the sala.

candles and bai sii on top of rice pile
man hanging sai sin sacred thread on pole in rice pile
sai sin sacred thread wrapped around several Buddhas
sai sin sacred thread wrapped around the hand of a Buddha

At 7pm the rice heap candles were lit and the monks started leading suat mon chants and prayers and talked about merit and dharma to a small (fewer than 30) group of people: not many came because there were two funerals that night.

monk giving sermon while sitting in front of Buddha images
lit candles and bai sii on top of rice pile
tray with water, incense, and leaves

At 7.30pm the monks took the sai sin in their hands to tam kwan-khao: doing a half-hour of chanting to bless the rice spirits.

monks holding sai sin sacred thread

Then after a final fifteen minutes of further chanting the night was done, although a few people stayed behind a bit longer to set up the sala for the next morning’s ceremony.

monks giving a sermon
women decorating platform where monks sit

Boon Khao Jee

On the morning of Boon Khao Jee many families were up early, before 5am, to make khao jee (grilled sticky rice battered with egg), khao griap (grilled rice crackers), and the previously mentioned khao tom mat to give to the monks.

grilling khao griap in the dark of night
closeup of grilling khao griap in the dark of night

The monks of Wat Jan did not bin-ta-baht through the village that morning, instead people gave all their food at the temple. They started arriving at 6.30am and there were about 150 people in attendance. A few also brought more rice or money for the Boon Khun Lan pile.

women carrying flowers and bowls
woman driving motorcycle with flowers on the front
women walking into sala
women putting food in monk alms bowls
monk alms bowl with khao jee and other food
people bringing food to the temple for monks

A few women outside the sala made merit by grilling and giving away khao jee and khao griap to anyone who wanted them. They were especially popular with kids.

women making khao jee at the temple
women making khao griap at the temple
closeup of making khao griap at the temple

Boon Khao Jee chanting started just before 8am and at 8.15am the abbot held the sai sin for a few seconds to pass merit to ancestors and angels.

people listening to sermon
people listening to sermon
people listening to sermon

A few minutes later the gruat nam water (used to share merit with people’s ancestors) was blessed and then the abbot splashed holy water on the congregation to bless them.

monks during gruat nam water blessing ceremony
monk blessing people by splashing water

People went outside to pour their gruat nam holy water on a tree or other plant to pass on the merit, and then most people went home.

woman pouring gruat nam water on a tree

But about forty people stayed behind and chanted, led by a village elder, while the monks ate. During this time a woman handed out the three sticky rice stacks to people in the sala. By 9am, Boon Khao Jee was done.

Makha Bucha

Like most Isan temples, Wat Jan celebrates Boon Khao Jee on the same full-moon day as the important Buddhist festival Macha Bucha (honoring the day that the Buddha gave a sermon summarizing the principles of Buddhism to 1,250 enlightened disciples), though the two celebrations are not connected, it’s just convenient to do it this way.

During the day, after Boon Khao Jee is over, Wat Jan Ban Hua Na does a day of temple cleaning, recruiting village kids to help the monks and a few adults maintain the temple. It encourages kids to feel a part of and take some responsibility for their community. And after two and a half hours of sweeping leaves, picking up trash, and planting trees, each of the twenty-plus kids got 100B.

girl sweeping in front of temple
children in line to get money from monk

The actual celebration of Makha Bucha consisted of suat mon chants and prayers from 7.45pm to 8.30pm followed by a fifteen-minute wian tian candle procession three times around the stupa.

sunset behind ubosot
full moon
monks standing in front of Buddha image
people holding candles walking around a stupa
people putting candles around the base of a stupa
people putting candles around the base of a stupa
girl putting candles around the base of a stupa
candles around the base of a stupa

On this and other big Buddhist holidays, it’s normal for people to wear white and stay overnight at a temple and follow the eight precepts (no sexual activity, no entertainment, etc.), but the people of Ban Hua Na did this at a nearby forest temple instead of Wat Jan.

Boon Khao Kam (Month 1)
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Boon Khun Lan (Month 2)
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Boon Khao Jee (Month 3)
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Boon Pha Wet (Month 4)
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Boon Songkran (Month 5)
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Boon Bang Fai (Month 6)
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Boon Samha (Month 7)
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Boon Khao Phansa (Month 8)
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Boon Khao Pradap Din (Month 9)
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Boon Khao Sak (Month 10)
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Boon Ok Phansa (Month 11)
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Boon Kathin (Month 12)
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